Post-mortem of a Failed NFT Investment


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I ponder if Sina Estavi, the man who paid $2.9 million for an NFT of a tweet, feels the identical exasperated vitality as Andrew Lloyd Webber did when no person first understood Cats.

Despite the doubters, each males clung tightly to their avant-garde funding, confidently muttering, “You’ll see,” as they threw warning — and capital — into the wind.

Down the street, Cats ended up making Andrew Lloyd Webber a billionaire.

Estavi’s highest supply thus far is $23,660.

So what occurred? Why did the world’s most well-known NFT lose 99% of its worth in only one 12 months? And what does this spectacularly failed NFT funding imply for the way forward for NFTs?

Also, did Estavi’s shady previous have something to do with traders’ lack of curiosity?

Let’s carry out an post-mortem on the failed NFT funding of the Jack Dorsey tweet.

The Short Version

  • In April, an NFT of Jack Dorsey’s first-ever tweet was listed on the market for $48 million. The authentic purchaser, who paid $2.9m in 2021, acquired a excessive bid of simply $277.
  • A scarcity of purchaser curiosity may very well be as a result of present proprietor’s shady previous and felony historical past within the cryptocurrency house.
  • However, it may additionally simply be an indication of the instances, as NFT gross sales are down 92% throughout the board.

TL;DR — What Happened?

Back in March 2021, a Malaysia-based crypto entrepreneur named Sina Estavi paid $2.9 million for an NFT of the first-ever tweet, made by Twitter founder Jack Dorsey.

Jack Dorsey’s First tweet NFT

Then, nearly precisely a 12 months afterward April 9, 2022, Estavi listed his NFT on the market on the most important NFT market, OpenSea.

Estavi set a worth of $48 million. After a full week his highest supply was $277.

The ensuing media firestorm drew in additional bidders — however on the time of this writing his highest supply was nonetheless simply $23,660.03.

What the Heck Is a “Tweet NFT”?

If you are in search of a primer on what NFTs are usually, take a look at my part, “What Are NFTs,” in my full information to NFT investing.

As for a tweet NFT, effectively, that is actually simply an NFT of a tweet.

When Jack Dorsey created an NFT out of this tweet in March 2021, he mainly generated a “certificates of possession” that might reside on the blockchain.

So, in literal phrases, the customer of this NFT could be getting just a few traces of code on the Ethereum blockchain that say:

  1. Here’s a tweet.
  2. This is who made it.
  3. Here’s who at present owns it.

That’s it. Their identify stamped on line three.

As a outcome, that particular person would get infinite bragging rights to say, “I personal the first-ever tweet.”

And as we’ll see, it could be a really attention-grabbing sort of one that would put down limited-edition-Lamborghini cash for these traces of code.

Who Was the Original Buyer Who Paid $2.9 Million?

Sina Estavi is an Iranian-born, Malaysia-based crypto entrepreneur.

Needless to say, he is a giant believer in crypto, blockchain and NFTs. Oh, and he simply bought out of jail. This is his LinkedIn profile pic:

Sina EstaviSina EstaviSource: LinkedIn

Remember once I stated big-ticket NFT consumers had been attention-grabbing individuals?

Nobody’s fairly positive the place Estavi sourced the $3 million to purchase Jack Dorsey’s NFT. An educated guess is likely to be that it got here from the coffers of his first two ventures, Cryptoland and Bridge Oracle.

Founded in 2015, Tehran-based Cryptoland quickly grew to grow to be one in all Iran’s hottest crypto exchanges. Springboarding off that, Estavi launched blockchain-focused Bridge Oracle (the startup he is greatest identified for) in 2019. And in early 2021, Estavi took the world stage when he paid $2.9 million for the Jack Dorsey tweet.

Estavi’s Arrest And Its Consequences

However, simply weeks after he purchased the tweet, issues got here crashing down for Estavi. He was arrested by Iranian authorities for “disrupting the financial system.” Details on the precise costs are scarce, however suffice it to say authorities did not like how he was working Cryptoland.

The costs led to a nine-month jail sentence and the shuttering of Cryptoland. They additionally not directly induced the worth of Bridge Oracle’s native token (BRG) to plummet.

BRG token chart 2020–2022Source:

Ironically, Iranian authorities seized Estavi’s Twitter account and posted a tweet to it.

tweet After Sina Estavi's Account Closed“Source: CoinDesk

Translation: “The proprietor of this media outlet was arrested on costs of disrupting the financial system, by order of the Special Court for Economic Crimes.”

If you ask me, Estavi may most likely make just a few grand minting and promoting that tweet as an NFT.

But that is not all.

Estavi Attempts to “Make It Right”

After his launch, Estavi advised CoinDesk that he was going to attempt to win again his livid, jaded BRG traders by exchanging their nugatory BRG for Bridge Oracle’s new token, BSG.

However, with the intention to get their BSG, traders must give Estavi:

  1. Their BRG
  2. Their cellular phone numbers, and
  3. Some TRX — the native crypto of the Tron community the place BRG and BSG reside

Estavi’s group even initially deliberate to ask customers for his or her non-public keys.

Now, asking for personal keys, crypto transfers and/or private info to “confirm” your self are the three most typical indicators of a crypto rip-off.

By this level, quite a few Bridge Oracle traders had been publicly accusing Estavi of fraud. Crypto researcher Kave Moshtaq claimed a bike gang beat him as much as intimidate him into silence after he had filed a proper criticism with the Iranian court docket in opposition to Estavi.

Kave Moshtaq tweet“After leaving the court docket, 5 motorcyclists stopped me in entrance of the automobile and hit me. Fists landed on my face,” Moshtaq wrote on Twitter, alongside a photograph with blood on his face.

Within 48 hours of Moshtaq’s tweet, the Iranian Blockchain Association put out a name for extra grievances in opposition to Estavi. The “many complaints” acquired led Iranian authorities to analyze additional.

Lastly, let’s not overlook that Estavi was perceived as shady effectively earlier than the autumn of Cryptoland.

So that is who purchased the Dorsey tweet.

It may additionally clarify why it misplaced 99% of its worth in a 12 months.

But Why Did Estavi Pay $2.9 Million within the First Place?

The causes he is given for purchasing the Dorsey tweet have been effectively documented in numerous media retailers. They may be summarized as follows:

  • To “emphasize the significance of NFTs on [the] way forward for crypto and tech sphere.”
  • Because “it is a piece of human historical past” and “the Mona Lisa” of tweets.
  • To showcase how NFTs may assist charity. (After he bought his tweet to Estavi, Dorsey instantly transformed the Ethereum into Bitcoin for GiveAfrica.)

But Estavi had let slip his ulterior motivation (past publicity) on this quote to the BBC:

“Who is aware of what would be the worth of the primary tweet of human historical past 50 years from now?”

Those are the phrases of a hardcore HODLer, and plenty of had been stunned to see him attempt to promote the tweet after only a 12 months. Some say it was for the free publicity. I personally assume it is to cowl authorized charges that he knew could be coming.

But how did his estranged traders understand the acquisition?

In his interview with the BBC, he additionally stated that his traders “are actually appreciative and pleased about this funding as a result of they know the worth and future worth of this specific NFT.”

Why Did Nobody Buy It?

The subject with investing in one thing that is completely speculative — and has no intrinsic worth — is that it is price solely what another person can pay for it.

Just as a result of Estavi spent $2.9 million on an NFT doesn’t suggest it is at present price $2.9 million. It’s price solely $23,600 since that is the very best quantity anybody else has provided for it.

So Estavi’s spectacularly failed NFT funding needs to be a warning signal to anybody who desires to deal with a speculative asset (like an NFT) as an funding.

Specifically, the warning signal says, “Even the world’s most well-known NFT funding can lose 99% of its worth within the secondary market. Why ought to your NFT funding be any completely different?”

Granted, some a part of the failure may be attributed to Estavi’s personal greed and shadiness. He insinuated that he would not critically think about affords beneath $48 million for his “Mona Lisa.” Besides, even when somebody bid eight figures for it, they’d need to reside with the truth that they immediately funded a convicted crypto-criminal — not nice PR for them or the NFT market.

But if the vendor wasn’t someone with such a checkered previous, it is attainable that legendary NFT collectors 3F Music (whose NFT portfolio contains “Disaster Girl,” “Charlie Bit my Finger” and — for $1.05 million — the “Coffin Dance”) would’ve thrown him a pair or extra tens of millions for it.

Coffin Dance NFT tweetSource: Twitter

What Does This Flop Mean for the Future of NFTs?

Well, it does not assist that NFT gross sales are already flatlining.

Sales fell 92% from September 2021 to May 2022, and the variety of lively wallets within the NFT market has plummeted by 88%.

Now, I do not assume this implies NFTs are useless. Corporations are flooding in, the minting course of is changing into extra streamlined and NFTs are able to play an enormous function within the upcoming Metaverse. Plus, individuals nonetheless like shopping for them for enjoyable, publicity or to assist an indie artist.

Reasons to Buy an NFT

NFTs as a product are advantageous.

NFTs as an funding are dying.

And relying on whom you ask, they had been useless on arrival anyway. The concept {that a} one-of-a-kind digital art work — one that only a few individuals understood and even fewer knew how you can buy — would by some means outgrow the S&P 500 was by no means very sound.

The Bottom Line

The Jack Dorsey tweet NFT misplaced 99% of its worth within the secondary market attributable to a number of causes. It actually did not assist that the vendor was a convicted crypto-criminal who insinuated that he would not critically think about something lower than non-public jet cash.

But nearly all of the flop got here from the easy undeniable fact that the secondary marketplace for NFTs is weak. Way weaker than bullish consumers hoped it could be.

The lesson right here? Best to keep away from NFTs as an funding and hold sticking capital in conventional investments like index funds and REITs.


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